The operating diagram of a model of two competitors in a chemostat with an external inhibitor
Dellal, M. ; Lakrib, M. ; Sari, T.
Type de document
Article de revue scientifique à comité de lecture
Affiliation de l'auteur
UNIVERSITE IBN KHALDOUN TIARET DZA ; UNIVERSITE DJILLALI LIABES SIDI BEL ABBES DZA ; IRSTEA MONTPELLIER UMR ITAP FRA
Résumé / Abstract
Understanding and exploiting the inhibition phenomenon, which promotes the stable coexistence of species, is a major challenge in the mathematical theory of the chemostat. Here, we study a model of two microbial species in a chemostat competing for a single resource in the presence of an external inhibitor. The model is a four-dimensional system of ordinary differential equations. Using general monotonic growth rate functions of the species and absorption rate of the inhibitor, we give a complete analysis for the existence and local stability of all steady states. We focus on the behavior of the system with respect of the three operating parameters represented by the dilution rate and the input concentrations of the substrate and the inhibitor. The operating diagram has the operating parameters as its coordinates and the various regions defined in it correspond to qualitatively different asymptotic behavior: washout, competitive exclusion of one species, coexistence of the species around a stable steady state and coexistence around a stable cycle. This bifurcation diagram which determines the effect of the operating parameters, is very useful to understand the model from both the mathematical and biological points of view, and is often constructed in the mathematical and biological literature.
Mathematical Biosciences, vol. 302, p. 27 - 45