Revisiting the existence of an effective stress for wet granular soils with micromechanics
Duriez, J. ; Wan, R. ; Pouragha, M. ; Darve, F.
Type de document
Article de revue scientifique à comité de lecture
Affiliation de l'auteur
IRSTEA AIX EN PROVENCE UR RECOVER FRA ; UNIVERSITY OF CALGARY SCHULICH SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING CALGARY CAN ; UNIVERSITY OF CALGARY SCHULICH SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING CALGARY CAN ; UNIVERSITE DE GRENOBLE FRA
Résumé / Abstract
A possible effective stress variable for wet granular materials is numerically investigated based on an adapted discrete element method (DEM) model for an ideal three‐phase system. The DEM simulations consider granular materials made of nearly monodisperse spherical particles, in the pendular regime with the pore fluid mixture consisting of distinct water menisci bridging particle pairs. The contact force‐related stress contribution to the total stresses is isolated and tested as the effective stress candidate for dense or loose systems. It is first recalled that this contact stress tensor is indeed an adequate effective stress that describes stress limit states of wet samples with the same Mohr‐Coulomb criterion associated with their dry counterparts. As for constitutive relationships, it is demonstrated that the contact stress tensor used in conjunction with dry constitutive relations does describe the strains of wet samples during an initial strain regime but not beyond. Outside this so‐called quasi‐static strain regime, whose extent is much greater for dense than loose materials, dramatic changes in the contact network prevent macroscale contact stress‐strain relationships to apply in the same manner to dry and unsaturated conditions. The presented numerical results also reveal unexpected constitutive bifurcations for the loose material, related to stick‐slip macrobehavior.
International Journal for Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics, vol. 42, num. 8, p. 959 - 978