Risk analysis of global warming-induced greenhouse gas emissions from natural sources
Mander, U. ; Sohar, K. ; Tournebize, J. ; Parn, J.
Type de document
Article de revue scientifique à comité de lecture
Affiliation de l'auteur
UNIVERSITY OF TARTU EST ; UNIVERSITY OF TARTU EST ; IRSTEA ANTONY UR HBAN FRA ; UNIVERSITY OF TARTU EST
Résumé / Abstract
The increase in the emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) CO 2 , CH 4 , and N 2 O is the most important factor causing global warming. Natural sources make up about 96%, 46%, and 64% of total emissions of the three gases, respectively. Relatively small man-made CO 2 fluxes, together with CH 4 and N 2 O (with a radiative force 34 and 298 times higher than that of CO 2 , respectively) upset the natural balance of the carbon (C) cycle and create an artificial forcing of global temperatures which is warming the planet. However, even after stopping all anthropogenic CO 2 emissions, the warming-induced GHG from natural sources will cause an on-going temperature increase and many resulting environmental problems. Based on literature, we analyse the potential change in GHG emissions from the main natural sources, which are influenced by the effects of global warming. Since there are various uncertainties in the estimations of terrestrial-atmosphere and ocean-atmosphere CO 2 exchange, this most important factor remains un-predicted and needs significantly more investigation of the ability of oceans and terrestrial ecosystems to absorb CO 2 . Both CH 4 and N 2 O emissions may continue to increase. The thawing of CH 4 hydrates in the ocean shelf and in permafrost regions is the largest long-term threat for global warming, but even now rising temperature will enhance emissions from wetlands, lakes, vegetation and even upland soils, due to an increasing threat of wildfires. Changes in hydrological regime are the main driving force for N 2 O emissions.
International Journal of Safety and Security Engineering, vol. 6, num. 2, p. 181 - 192
10th International Conference on Risk Analysis, - , ,