Testing predictions of changes in benthic invertebrate abundance and community structure after flow restoration in a large river (French Rhône)
Test des prédictions des changements d'abondance et de structure des communautés des macroinvertébrés après restauration du Rhône
Merigoux, S. ; Forcellini, M. ; Dessaix, J. ; Fruget, J.F. ; Lamouroux, N. ; Statzner, B.
Type de document
Article de revue scientifique à comité de lecture
Affiliation de l'auteur
UNIVERSITE DE LYON CNRS UMR 5023 LEHNA VILLEURBANNE FRA ; UNIVERSITE DE LYON CNRS UMR 5023 LEHNA VILLEURBANNE FRA ; ARALEP VILLEURBANNE FRA ; ARALEP VILLEURBANNE FRA ; IRSTEA LYON UR MALY FRA ; UNIVERSITE DE LYON CNRS UMR 5023 LEHNA VILLEURBANNE FRA
Résumé / Abstract
1. Principal threats to running waters are linked to human-made discharge modifications, but tools to predict the quantitative consequences of flow restoration for benthic invertebrates in large rivers remain untested.2. Quantitative benthos samples from two bypassed reaches (Pierre-Benite – PBE – and Chautagne – CHAU) of the French Rhône River were collected during four years each before and after minimum flow increases (from 10 to 100 m3 s1 at PBE and from 10 to 50 m3 s1 at CHAU). These samples provided observed ln-density changes for the 50 and 62 (PBE and CHAU, respectively) most abundant taxa (typically species or genera). For about half of the 'model' taxa among them, distinct preference models for bottom shear stress categories were available from four reaches of the Upper Rhône River and from various German rivers. Linking these preference models with a statistical hydraulic model predicting frequencies of shear stress categories for any given discharge, we predicted ln-density changes of the model taxa after restoration. 3. Community structure of the abundant taxa changed clearly and rapidly after restoration at PBE but less clearly at CHAU. Our predictions explained a considerable amount of mean ln-density changes of our model taxa observed after restoration (75 and 30% at PBE and CHAU, respectively). They also explained (67 and 40% at PBE and CHAU, respectively) the model taxa scores along the principal components analysis axis that summarised the community variations of all abundant taxa before and after restoration. For taxa not identified to species (assessed as genus, tribe or family), the predicted ln-density changes were sometimes inaccurate at PBE (a Lower Rh^one site), suggesting that the transferability of preference models for taxonomic levels above that of species can be problematic. 4. If further developed, statistical habitat models focussing on ecologically relevant physical variables (in our case shear stress) should enable reliable quantitative assessments of associations between flow restoration efforts and achievable ecological improvement.
Freshwater Biology, vol. 60, num. 6, p. 1104 - 1117