Flow rate measurement in undamaged multicomponent geosynthetic clay liners

Mesure du flux dans les géofilms bentonitiques

Barral, C. ; Touze-Foltz, N.

Type de document
Article de revue scientifique à comité de lecture
Affiliation de l'auteur
Résumé / Abstract
The objective of the paper is the presentation of a test method to quantifiy advective flow rates through multicomponent geosynthetic clay liners (GCLs). A procedure was developed, combining measuring devices from EN 14150 for flow rate measurement through geomembranes and a rigid wall permeameter from NF P 84-705 aiming at measuring the flow rates through GCLs. Indeed multicomponent GCLs by structure fall between geomembranes and GCLs. The resulting testing device allows to measure very small variations of volume with time while applying constant hydraulic pressures. The pressure difference applied on both sides of the multicomponent GCL specimens varied between 25 kPa and 100 kPa, this latest value being equal to the one applied across geomembranes in EN 14150, except in one case where the multicomponent had a light coating on. In this case hydraulic heads equal to 0.3 and 0.6 m were applied. Four different multicomponent GCLs were tested, from three different manufacturers in order to determine the ability of the testing equipment to quantify the flow rate through multicomponent GCLs. The flow rate measurement was performed after a hydration phase under a very low hydraulic head and a 10 kPa normal load on the specimens in accordance with NF P84-705. Details regarding the experimental conditions which could lead to the development of a standard for the measurement of flow rates through multicomponent GCLs are given. Results obtained tend to show that flow rates are one order of magnitude larger than the ones usually measured for virgin geomembranes, i.e. 10-5 m3/m2/d, except for one of the multicomponent GCLs for which the light coating resulted in larger flow rates, measured with hydraulic heads equal to 0.3 and 0.6 m. In this case values consistent with previous values from the literature in the range 1.4 × 10-11 m/s to 2.2 × 10-11 m/s were obtained.
Geosynthetics International, vol. 19, num. 6, p. 491 - 496

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