Flow rate in composite liners including GCLS bituminous geomembranes
Débits de fuites dans les étanchéités composites incluant des géomembranes bitumineuses et des géosynthtéiques bentonitiques
Bannour, H. ; Barral, C. ; Touze-Foltz, N.
Type de document
Communication scientifique avec actes
Affiliation de l'auteur
IRSTEA ANTONY UR HBAN FRA ; IRSTEA ANTONY UR HBAN FRA ; IRSTEA ANTONY UR HBAN FRA
Résumé / Abstract
Some studies were performed in the past years regarding the behavior of geosynthetic clay liners (GCLs) as part of a composite liner, focused on the situation where a GCL is located under a hole in a high density polyethylene (HDPE) geomembrane (GM). In this case, the contact between the geomembrane and the GCL was quantified in terms of flow rate through the composite liner and in terms of interface transmissivity. Various situations were tested in the past in order to evaluate the situation where a smooth GM is used in contact with the GCL. The situation where a textured geomembrane is used in contact with the GCL was also evaluated. More recently, the effect of the nature of the bentonite in the GCL, sodium or calcium bentonite, leading to different flow rates in the GCL was evaluated. In all cases an HDPE GM was used. This choice is linked to the fact that it is the most commonly GM used in composite liners including GCLs for chemical compatibility reasons. However one could imagine that the use of other GMs, like bituminous geomembranes (B-GMs) associated to a GCL, could be adapted for hydraulic applications. A quantification of flow rates was thus performed in laboratory tests at the decimetric scale for the case of a damaged B-GM located on top of a GCL. This corresponds to an alternative design for a canal projected in France at the moment. The effect of the side of the GM (polymeric film or sand layer for the bituminous geomembrane) in contact with a GCL containing calcium bentonite was evaluated. Results obtained are presented in this paper and compared depending on the GM side in contact with the GCL.
Geosynthetics Asia : 5th Asian Regional Conference on Geosynthetics, 10/12/2012 - 15/12/2012, Bangkok, THA